If you are fans of the aquatic world and the fish species and you want to have some in a homemade variety of pond, you must ensure that you will give the right conditions, for that it is necessary that you have at hand the best aquarium lamp on the market. So to have a well-kept aquarium in the house you should first measure the size, decide on certain types of lighting, and do a test of what you need, if you led aquarium lighting.
Led aquarium lighting:
- Led aquarium lighting during the night
Something fundamental to keep in mind is the day/night cycles in the aquarium. This is very important when it comes to preventing your fish from being stressed by lack or excess of light. Stresses makes fish sick or not develop properly. In nature, there is rarely total darkness during the night and that is why LED lights are used in the aquarium. They are quite economical and allow the fish to orient themselves and continue with their natural behavior at night. It has even been proven that many corals proliferate vigorously when you imitate the moonlight. We recommend that you use a timer to regulate the lights automatically.
- Led aquarium lighting during the day
For the day special lamps are used for aquariums. These emit certain wavelengths that are not present in the common lights. It will be very useful and interesting to start investigating what are the needs of the fish that you have in your aquarium. For example, species from forested rivers do not receive direct light in their natural habitat and, probably, you should light the aquarium for fewer hours than for other species. On the other hand, those who come from tropical regions or shallow reefs are used to direct sunlight for many hours a day and need it to live and develop, like aquatic plants. For corals, it is also essential to use actinic lights. The light on the blue side of the spectrum they emit has a wavelength that is easily absorbed by corals and their symbiotic algae during photosynthesis. These are led aquarium lighting with low intensity, so they are usually combined with other stronger lights.
- The colour temperature of Led aquarium lighting
The colour temperature, measured in Kelvin, expresses what colour of the spectrum predominates in the light emitted by each bulb. For aquariums lights, less than 5,500ºK are not used, since they encourage the growth of algae. An example of this type of lights is incandescent bulbs, which are not suitable for aquariums. Lamps between 5,500 and 6,500ºK are those used for freshwater aquariums with plants.
The 10,000ºK give a very intense white light with a bluish tint and are ideal for reefs or deeper freshwater aquariums. Finally, those of 20,000ºK emit a very strong and blue light that is recommended only for very deep aquariums and deep-sea fish. Actinic lights are not measured in degrees Kelvin because they are in the ultraviolet zone and are used only for reef aquariums, since they are important for the development of corals as well as highlighting their natural fluorescence.
- Types of lamps for aquariums
Lamp types are not as important as intensity or colour. This part depends exclusively on your taste and your budget since there are large price variations between them. The most economical are incandescent bulbs, although there are different colours, none goes beyond 2,700ºK (up to 3,000ºK for halogen). These lights give a yellow light and stimulate the growth of algae, in addition to generating too much heat. Its use is only recommended for small fishbowls.
- Fluorescent tubes for aquariums
The most commonly used lights are fluorescent tubes and only those manufactured specifically for aquariums are appropriate. They tend to be quite cheap, they do not emit much heat and you will find them in different colours. The most common tubes are those known as T12, T8 and T5, classified according to diameter. The first two use common ballasts, while the T5 require much more expensive electronic ballasts. The T5 has the advantage of being smaller, so you can combine more tubes in a small space and get more light intensity.
For very deep tanks or those that require a lot of led aquarium lighting, there are fluorescent tubes of high emission (HO – high output) or very high emission (VHO – very high output), with greater penetration in the water. These last less than normal fluorescents and it is difficult to get the artefacts to install them, which is why many fish breeders use Power Compact fluorescent lamps instead. They are smaller and use less energy to produce the same intensity of light. They are available in the same colours as the previous ones, associated with two or four tubes for the same connection. They are a bit more expensive, but they are still an economical alternative.
- Metal halide led to aquariums
Finally, the led aquarium lighting for aquariums that produce the brightest light at present is those of metal halide. They are very popular in reef aquariums because their light produces a reflection very similar to that of the sun on the water and they provide enough light for the demanding corals, clams and anemones. They have some drawbacks, such as its high price, as well as the artefacts needed to install them, which are specific to each voltage (ranging between 70 and 1,000 watts per bulb). Another problem is that they are delicate and you should not touch the glass with your fingers, as the fat of the skin weakens them.
They also get very hot when they are on and should be left to cool for at least an hour before handling them. Do not forget that at us you will find everything you need to light up your aquarium correctly with the best led aquarium lighting that will make your fish live happily both day and night.